Back pain is a very common disease; about more than 80% of adults suffer from back pain in their life. Studies have confirmed that most type of back pain is caused by an accumulation of events. Wrong posture, daily bending and lifting, minor falls can increase the stress on the spine and from time to time, the imbalances can lead to pain.

Causes

Degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disc disease is one of the most common causes of back pain. It is not a disease but more like a term that doctors use to portray the changes in the spinal discs. Spinal discs are compressible discs but they are also soft and east to bend and twist. Their function in the body is to absorb the shock for the spine. The changes in the spinal disc can lead to the pain in the back and neck.

Lumbar herniated disc

Another common cause of back pain is a lumbar herniated disc. The patient can feel muscle spasm, cramping or even loss the leg function. Press on the sciatic nerve can cause burning, tingling and pain in the back and leg. Many factors raise the risk for lumbar herniated disc such as smoking, lack of exercise, aging and poor posture.

Facet joint osteoarthritis

Facet joints are located in the back portion of the spine, their mission is to make you are able to twist and bend. When the joints move, the cartilage damage between the facet joints in the spine can lead to pain. The patient can experience back pain while doing certain activities such as heavy lifting and twisting. In the long term, patients can even lose control of the back and leg. 

Treatments

Tens unit

Tens unit is short for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. It is a back pain treatment that takes the advantages of low voltage electric current to ease the pain. The reasons are they stimulating the nerves to block the pain signals from the pain and help the body to create more endorphins, a natural painkiller. While using the best Tens unit for home use, the pain will be treated immediately. However, this machine is not for everyone since they work differently for different people.

Heating pads

Heating pads are one of the most inexpensive and effective methods to ease the pain in the back. However, patients must be careful with the temperature. It should be warm, not hot because heating pads can burn the skin. While using the best heating pad for your body, you can feel the heat to penetrate down into the skin and ease the muscles. The longer you use, the better you feel. The normal duration for heating pads to be used on the skin depends on the type of injury. For a minor back pain, 10 to 15 minutes is enough but for others, they can use up to 2 hours.

Infrared sauna

Infrared Sauna Therapy makes it possible for people in wheelchairs, or those who have a disability that affects their ability to exercise to achieve a cardiovascular training effect. There are some studies confirm that using infrared sauna regularly can increase the extensibility of collagen tissues, decreases joint stiffness, produce pain relief, increase blood flow and relieve muscle spasms.