Technologies have their merits and demerits; Lithium battery is not an exemption. Note that although there are diverse options of lithium ion batteries to select from, they all have similar generic properties. These properties allow us to split their original advantages from disadvantages and hence make a decision that will ensure you maximize on the benefits of the battery that you choose to buy. Furthermore, your preference cost should be based on the types and formats of the batteries and cells at your exposure.
Since their development, these batteries brag about their high energy densities. You will appreciate this aspect when you need to operate some electronic equipment such as cell phones; they should practically be operational for longer hours between charges yet they consume a lot of power. There is also a wide range of power applications that necessitate reliance on high energy density batteries. For example, mere power tools and high demanding technologies like electric vehicles and trains work best with this distinct energy advantage.
You will also appreciate the reality that it is fairly cheap to maintain Lithium battery in order to maximize its performance. A common maintenance procedure that is undertaken in Ni-Cad batteries also to ensure performance is the periodic discharging to prevent memory effect. Well, this and other procedures do not have to be undertaken when dealing with Li cells.
Additionally, they do not require priming. You will note that most rechargeable batteries have to be primed during their first charge. Fortunately, with lithium-ion cells, this cost is cut down.
As if that is not enough, these batteries do not suffer so much from self-discharge. This is a very common aspect of batteries where they tend to lose their charge with time. However, for the Li-ion batteries, the rate at which they self-discharge is pretty low as compared to their counterparts including NiMH.
Above all there is a wide assortment on the Lithium batteries to choose from. This implies that there is an ideal technology for every application that you may want to use. For example, those high in current density are perfect for mobile electronics while the batteries with an even higher current level are suitable for electric vehicles.
Aside from their advantages, these batteries have some disadvantages that tend to put some consumers afar. Even so, these demerits simply balance their advantages. For example, they have to be protected from being charged and discharged beyond certain limits. Their currents must also be maintained within set safe limits. This causes them to be less robust as compared to other rechargeable technologies. Hence, to ensure that they are operational within the factory recommended limits, you will have to incorporate protection circuitry to the battery. Luckily, with the advancements in technology, developers have made it simpler to incorporate the circuit technology in the battery. On the other hand, if the battery is not interchangeable, you can have the technology fitted in your equipment.
In conclusion, you should try using lithium battery because apart from the protection it requires, it only has benefits including; high energy density, a wide assortment, very low self-discharge, no priming costs and low maintenance costs.