The dissertation is a formal written treatise that covers a specific subject in great detail. One can also say it is an extended piece of writing based on broader research and reading.  The dissertation reflects one’s own learning and understanding about the particular subject. It is the final step of the Ph.D. program coming after the successful completion of comprehensive Ph.D. exams.  The dissertation is in a form of a book comprising at least four to six chapters. It is intended for a technical audience and should be clear and complete.

Before the student starts to write the first draft of the dissertation, he should already gather a wealth of notes and ideas. Planning is an essential part of writing a dissertation.  The student should beforehand, plan about the abstract and detailed breakdown of a particular chapter. The abstract is a one-page description that summarizes how the entire dissertation is structured and presented.  Generally, a dissertation is comprised of the many sections. Some of its sections are mentioned below:

·        Introduction

Introduction part describes the aims and objectives, the context of the work, the exegesis, the research hypothesis, the exclusion, the conventions adopted and the shape (outlined, chapter by chapter) of the dissertation.

·        Abstract

The abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the of the research question, methods, results and conclusions of the dissertation. It should be concise, well-organized, coherent and readable.  The abstract should be completed in one page. The purpose of an abstract is to tell the potential reader what he is looking for.

·        Literature review

The literature review section outlines the previous work on the same subject and format it to inform about your current research.  The literature review also includes the present knowledge of the research as well as a methodological and theoretical contribution to the specific subject.

·        Methodology

This topic of the dissertations explains the systematic type of research methodology and data analysis used by the student in his research. It includes the chosen research paradigm, context and constraints, research strategy, research design, theoretical model, and quantitative or qualitative techniques.

·        Results

The results section of the dissertation, reports the findings of the study based upon the methodologies student applied to gather information. It must state the findings of the research in a logical sequence without any bias.

·        Conclusion and future work

The conclusion and future work section of the dissertation must be brief and to the point. In this section, the student has to discuss what he founds from his work, incidental ideas and results. This chapter summarizes all the important results of the dissertation. It also describes the areas for future research.

·        References

The reference section of the dissertation lists all work cited in the dissertation.  These all listed items in the references should have been cited in the dissertation text.  The referencing must be made as per the guidelines of the college or university. Some referencing styles are APA, Haward, Chicago, MLA and various others.

·        Appendices

The appendices of the Dissertation writing services describe the ordinary details about the subject that are extremely important for the development of the dissertation, which are not published anywhere else. This can include video and audio materials, pertinent raw data in the form of, consent, letters of introduction to the subjects, questionnaires, survey, etc.