The some amount of research into this area has revealed a list of fairly common traits among abused children. How Abuse Affects Individuals Psychologically Abuse can have a severe impact on a child for years. It can cause several problems in her/his physical and emotional development. The effects of abuse can vary from child to child, depending upon factors such as: Severity and frequency of abuse Age of the child Child's relationship with the abuser Availability of emotional support Child's capacity to cope Research suggests that a small number of abused children remain unaffected and grow into adults who lead normal lives. However, several Alpha Force Testo others develop certain problems in varying degrees, the effects of which are described below. In his work, Developmental Trauma Disorder: Towards a rational diagnosis for children with complex trauma histories (2005), van deer Koll talks about developmental trauma disorder as a condition that affects victims of child abuse. Here, he describes the direct effect severe trauma (which may occur in the form of child abuse) may have on children. This is a summary of his findings. Intolerable distress in the absence of the caregiver Insecurity and increased need for attention characterized by clinging and compliance or defiance Inability to express emotion and communicate feelings Increased aggression due to the inability to recognize suppressed emotions Shutting down first and then experiencing trauma in case of recurrence of the incident or an incident that is reminiscent of it Confusion, disorientation, and dissociation when faced with stressful situations Social isolation due to distrust, suspicion, and lack of intimacy with others Poor self-esteem Trouble paying attention Likelihood of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), separation anxiety disorder, phobic disorders, oppositional defiant disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Hatred for self and blaming oneself for the events that ensued Substance abuse, violent behavior, eating disorders, sexual disorders, and suicidal tendencies.