Data security is a sophisticated system of enterprise data encryption made of software, wetware, and hardware. The hardware component involves the physical computer systems that we can see and touch and make use of them in supporting our personal and business environment. Software includes all the applications, databases and codes that we use to support the information security. Wetware includes the standard operating procedures, training, policies and other human-related aspects. Data security is a comprehensive application that is part art, part science, and the other exciting part is the mystique that surrounds it.


Information security has evolved for many centuries since the Cronk and Zonk during the medieval ages when human beings were still learning on how to walk upright. The goals of data security have always been similar regardless of the motive or intention which is to have information protected. As it is true for any species, the secret to longevity is to maintain your ability to keep evolving, and information security is no different. The way people consume information in the 21st-century global economy has been drastically changed by the internet.


The internet has facilitated a great evolution on how system developers and security consultants deal with data security. For instance, computers became mainstream for government agencies and big corporations in the 1940s. However, by that time there was nothing like a virus that could compromise the security of the information stored in those computers.


The three pillars of information security

Data security revolves around three critical aspects which are availability, confidentiality, and integrity. One thing that is for sure is that mobility changes everything and technology has transformed the way we handle data security with the advent of computers and mobile devices such as tablets and smartphones. However, as corporations struggle with the management and identification of these devices, mobile gadgets have offered monumental challenges to organizations. The ultimate goal of any business enterprise is balancing the flow of information through the mobile device while controlling the gadget’s flexibility. It is also essential to take into consideration how to enable the user to carry out their business without compromising the interests of their company.


Social media

Similarly, the advent of social media has shifted people’s and organization’s attention on how they look at data security. Information is now availed in a speedy manner and in large volumes all thanks to social media. The most significant challenge presented is how the users can balance the flow of critical data through the platforms with the advantages that can be gained by fast and efficient communication. A company should be able to identify ways through which it can be able to use the enhanced system's capabilities of social media platforms while keeping the organization’s interests protected.


Cloud computing

The way companies and business organizations support their data structures has been revolutionized by the advent of cloud technology. Cloud technology in computing has brought a shift in how organizations view security. The ultimate goal of cloud computing is to have unique security constraints supported in an environment where the data is shared online. Cloud technology has also enabled the different departments of a company to access information just by surfing the web and eliminated the inconveniences that were characterized by the traditional hard drive storage.


The challenges

However, organizations have to deal with the challenge of having to balance the services offered by cloud computing in a shared environment while at the same time protecting vital company information from unauthorized third parties. Companies also have to deal with the responsibility of protecting their interests while at the same time reaping all the benefits of cloud computing. The increase requirements and regulations have had a significant effect on how businesses deal with information compliance and security.