April 29

Actor Daniel Day-Lewis was born in London in 1957. His father became the United Kingdom’s Poet Laureate. Day-Lewis has won three Academy Awards for My Left Foot (1989), There Will Be Blood (2007), and Lincoln (2012). He is the only actor to win three Oscars for the Best Actor category. His first role came when he was 14 years old in Sunday Bloody Sunday in 1971. Other notable films include The Last of the Mohicans (1992), The Crucible (1996), and Gangs of New York (2002). In 1996, he married Rebecca Miller, daughter of playwright Arthur Miller.

In 1967, boxer Muhammad Ali was stripped of his boxing title after his refusal to be inducted into the U.S. military during the Vietnam War. On April 28, 1967, Ali refused to be inducted in Houston, Texas, citing religious reasons. The jury at his trial on June 20, took 21 minutes to find him guilty. His case mad its way to the Supreme Court and his conviction was overturned.

The rock musical Hair opened at the Biltmore Theatre on Broadway in 1968. The play deals with the hippie counterculture and sexual revolution of the 1960s. It created much controversy because of its depiction of illegal drugs, overt sexuality, profanity, irreverence for the flag and nudity.  Several of the songs became anthems for the anti-war movement and became top ten hits. Top songs included Aquarius and Hair. The film version came out in 1979 starring John Savage and Treat Williams.

In 1974, President Richard Nixon released edited versions of tape recordings made at the White House. According to Nixon, parts of the tapes that were vital to national security were left out. Many people were shocked and offended by the bad language and the vindictive tone of the recordings. The Supreme Court then ordered the release of the tapes to the Watergate Special Prosecutor. More incriminating evidence was revealed and we will never know what happened on the segment of the recordings erased by Rosemary Woods.

The Los Angeles riots of 1992 began after the acquittal of police officers indicted in the beating of Rodney King in 1991. 53 people were killed over a six-day period, with thousands more injured and over 11,000 arrests. They were the largest riots in the United States since the sixties and were the deadliest since the Civil War draft riots. Widespread looting, assault, arson and murder took place beginning in South Los Angeles. The California National Guard, the 7th Infantry Division, and Marines from the 1st Division were called in to quell the rioting. Major reforms took place in the Los Angeles Police Department following the riots.

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.