April 4

In 1949, 12 nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Washington, D.C. when they signed the North Atlantic Treaty. The treaty is a mutual defense pact among its members. The original nations included Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Since that time 16 more nations have joined NATO.

The Beatles occupied the top five positions on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart for music in 1964. The list began in 1958 with Ricky Nelson’s Poor Little Fool as the number one hit. The Beatles were especially hot just after their appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show. Their top five songs on April 4 were Can’t Buy Me Love, Twist and Shout, She Loves You, I Want to Hold Your Hand, and Please, Please Me.

At 6:01 AM in 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was shot and killed as he stood on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee. After surgery, King was pronounced dead at 7:05 PM at age 39. The assassination led to a series of riots I several American cities. President Johnson declared a national day of mourning on April 7. The assassin, James Earl Ray was captured at Heathrow Airport two months later.

The dedication of the original World Trade Center occurred in 1973. At the time of their completion, the Twin Towers were the tallest buildings in the world at 1,368 ft. The Port Authority leased the complex to a private company in July 2001. The original design for the WTC was shown to the public in 1964. Land for the project was acquired in 1965 and work began in August of 1968. The first tenants of the North Tower moved in during December of 1970. The North Tower was the location of the Windows on the World restaurant. The World Trade Center survived the 1993 bombing, but of course both towers were destroyed in 2001.

Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft in 1975 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Their first project was to develop components of the Altair 8800. Microsoft developed into a vast corporation that develops, manufactures, supports, and sells computer software and consumer electronics. Their most important products have included the Windows operating system and Microsoft Office suite of software. They are striving to keep up in the increasing mobile world.

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.