August 10

In 1949, President Harry Truman signed the National Security Act Amendment. Beginning with the original National Security Act of 1947, this was a major restructuring of the government’s military and intelligence agencies after World War II. The Department of War was replaced by the Department of Defense in 1949. James V. Forrestal became the first Secretary of Defense. Today, Chuck Hagel holds that position.

The United States Army used Agent Orange for the first time in 1961. Agent Orange is a herbicide and defoliant designed to reduce the amount of cover to enemy soldiers. President Diem of South Vietnam asked the United States to conduct spraying operations under the codename Operation Ranch Hand. Monsanto and Dow were the primary makers of Agent Orange and the chemical received its name from the orange-colored shipping barrels. American soldiers and Vietnamese soldiers and citizens have filed lawsuits against Dow, Monsanto, and Diamond Shamrock with varying results.

Ronald Reagan signed the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, which granted reparations to Japanese Americans who had been interned by the United States government during World War II. Each surviving internee was to be granted $20,000 in compensation. A total of 82, 219 people received checks. The law stated that the compensation was for “"race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership" as opposed to legitimate security reasons.

Birthdays Today

1913Noah Beery, Jr., American actor (d. 1994)
1923Rhonda Fleming, American actress and singer
1928Jimmy Dean, American singer, actor, and businessman, founded the Jimmy Dean Food Company (d. 2010)
1928Eddie Fisher, American singer and actor (d. 2010)
1959Rosanna Arquette, American actress, director, and producer

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.