August 22

In 1953, the penal colony at Devil’s Island was permanently closed. The island is located in the Atlantic Ocean about 9 miles off the coast of French Guiana in South America. The penal colony began operating in 1852 and was famous for the exile of political prisoners. Captain Alfred Dreyfus spent time at Devil’s Island in 1895. The penal colony was noted for its harshness and brutality and few prisoners survived the violence and tropical diseases. A mostly fictional account of an escape by Henri Charriere is described in the book and film Papillon.

Pitcher Nolan Ryan stuck out Ricky Henderson in 1989, to become the first pitcher to record 5,000 strikeouts. Ryan leads major league baseball with seven no-hitters. Nolan Ryan played in the majors for 27 years with a record of 324 wins and 292 losses. He played for the Los Angeles Angels, Houston Astros, and the Texas Rangers. All three teams retired his jersey number. Ryan was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1999.

The Scream, a painting by Edvard Munch was stolen in 2004 from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway. Another version of the painting was stolen in 1994 during the Winter Olympics and was recovered later that year. The 1910 tempera on board version was stolen at gunpoint during daylight hours. Three men were convicted of the crime were charged and imprisoned in May 2006. The painting was recovered on August 31, 2006 with little damage done to the work.

Birthdays Today

1934Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr., American general (d. 2012)
1939Valerie Harper, American actress and singer
1939Carl Yastrzemski, American baseball player
1941Bill Parcells, American football player and coach
1949Diana Nyad, American swimmer and author
1956Paul Molitor, American baseball player and coach

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.