August 23

The Salad Bowl strike in 1970, led by Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers, was the largest strike by farm workers in U.S. history. The Teamsters Union led a strike that began on July 17, 1970 that kept much of the nation’s lettuce crop from reaching the consumer. The price of iceberg lettuce tripled and thousands of acres of lettuce were lying in ruins. Conclusion of the strike led to the right of the Teamsters to organize farm laborers. This is what caused the members of the UFW to go on strike. Chavez was jailed for 19 days during this strike. Settlement eventually came on March 26, 1971 when the UFW regained the right to represent farm workers.

In 1977, the Gossamer Condor won the Kremer Prize for being the first human-powered aircraft. The prize included 50,000 British pounds that went to Dr. Paul MacCready. The goal of the aircraft was to fly a figure-eight course of one mile at a height of ten feet or more. The aircraft is preserved at the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum. In 1979, MacCready would again win the Kremer Prize when the Gossamer Albatross crossed the English Channel.

Muammar Gaddafi was removed from power In Libya in 2011. He had been in power in Libya since 1969. By the end of his rule, per capita income in Libya stood at $14,000, but a third of the population still lived below the poverty line. Serious protests against his regime began in February 2009 and, in the next two years, Gaddafi reportedly jailed tens of thousands of those who opposed him. On August 23, the rebels took control of the compound in Tripoli and discovered that Gaddafi was gone. He was finally tracked down and killed on October 20, 2011.

Birthdays Today

1912Gene Kelly, American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1996)
1931Barbara Eden, American actress and singer
1932Mark Russell, American comedian, singer, and pianist
1934Sonny Jurgensen, American football player and sportscaster
1949Shelley Long, American actress and producer

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.