The Guiness Book of World Records was published for the first time in 1955. It is a reference book that lists records of human achievement and extremes of the natural world. It is the best-selling copyrighted book in history and is often stolen from public libraries. The original publishers were twins Norris and Ross McWhirter in London. The first edition was 197 pages long and in its second year 70,000 copies were sold in the United States. The IRA assassinated Ross McWhirter in 1975 and Norris was ousted from his consulting role in 1995. The headquarters remains in London, with branch offices in New York and Tokyo.
In 1966, Sir Francis Chichester began his solo circumnavigation of the globe from Plymouth, England in his yawl, Gipsy Moth IX. He became the first solo expedition to sail around the world from West to East. Chichester also wanted to sail faster than the clipper ships of the 19th century. His journey took him nine months and one day. Chichester was knighted in July 1967. Queen Elizabeth II used the same sword that Elizabeth I had used to knight Sir Francis Drake. Chichester died in 1972 of cancer.
Renee Richards (formerly Richard Raskind) was denied the right to play in the U.S. Open Tennis Championships in 1976. Richards then sued the USTA over discrimination by gender in a New York court. In 1977, the court ruled in favor of Richards and Richards played in the 1977 U.S. Open, but lost in the first round to Virginia Wade. Richards did make it to the finals in doubles, however. Richards had undergone sex reassignment that was completed in 1975.
1908 – Lyndon B. Johnson, American commander and politician, 36th President of the United States (d. 1973)
1928 – Joan Kroc, American philanthropist (d. 2003)
1943 – Tuesday Weld, American actress and singer
1947 – Barbara Bach, American model and actress
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.