August 4

The Billboard Hot 100 list began in 1958. It is a ranking of single songs based on radio plan, streaming online, and sales. Before the Hot 100, songs were ranked by sales, or by plays by disc jockeys, or by plays in jukeboxes. In 1958, the first number-one song on the Billboard Hot 100 was Poor Little Fool by Ricky Nelson. Over 1,037 songs have been #1 since that time. Today the number-one song is Rude by Magic.

In 1964, three civil rights workers were found dead in Mississippi. The three men, Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman, and James Chaney were working for the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and were promoting voting registration among African Americans. The three men had been arrested for a traffic violation, and after their release, were shot and killed by members of the KKK. Their bodies were not discovered for another 44 days. Seven men, including a deputy sheriff were convicted and in 2005, Edgar Ray Killen was found guilty of three counts of manslaughter and sentence to 60 years in prison. Mississippi Burning is a film loosely base on this story.

A new cabinet department, the Department of Energy, was established in 1977 by President Jimmy Carter. the department deals with government policies dealing with energy and safety in handling nuclear energy. It also controls our nuclear weapons program , energy conservation and research, and domestic energy production. The 1973 oil crisis brought attention to the nation’s energy needs.

Birthdays Today

1912 – Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish architect and diplomat (d. 1947)
1920 – Helen Thomas, American journalist and author (d. 2013)
1921 – Maurice Richard, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2000)
1955 – Billy Bob Thornton, American actor, singer, director, and screenwriter (The Boxmasters)
1958 – Mary Decker, American runner
1961 – Barack Obama, American lawyer and politician, 44th President of the United States, Nobel Prize laureate

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.