August 6

Hiroshima, Japan was leveled by the first atomic bomb in 1945. The explosion killed over 70,000 people from the blast and thousands died later from burns and radiation poisoning. The bomb was dropped at 8:15 in the morning and exploded about 2,000 feet above the city. The blast was the equivalent of 16 kilotons of TNT. The device was nicknamed “Little Boy” and it derived its power from nuclear fission of uranium-235. A B-29 Superfortress named the Enola Gay piloted by Colonel Paul Tibbets, Jr. delivered the bomb.

In 1960, as part of the Cuban Revolution, Castro’s communist government nationalized all American and foreign-owned property located in Cuba. In return, the Eisenhower administration froze all Cuban assets in the United States, severed diplomatic ties, and strengthened the embargo of Cuba. Relations between the two nations have been strained ever since Castro came to power.

Tim Berners-Lee published a report of the World Wide Web project and the Web came into existence in 1991. New users could join on August 23. The breakthrough cam when Berners-Lee proposed using HTML (hypertext markup language) in connection with the Web. A major turning point for the Web came in 1993 with the introduction of the web browser, Mosaic. This made it easier for the average user and caused an increase use of graphics on the Web. In 1994, Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Consortium, which set international standards for the Web.

Birthdays Today

1911Lucille Ball, American actress, singer, and producer (d. 1989)
1917Robert Mitchum, American actor and singer (d. 1997)
1928Andy Warhol, American painter and photographer (d. 1987)

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.