December 11

The United Nations Children’s Fund was established in 1946 in New York City. The organization provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in underdeveloped nations. The General Assembly of the United Nations created UNICEF to provide emergency assistance in countries torn apart by World War II. The name was shortened when the word “Emergency” was dropped in 1953. UNICEF works in 190 nations around the world and the organization won the 1965 Nobel Peace Prize.


The last time that man landed on the moon was in 1972 when astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt conducted lunar activities during the Apollo 17 mission. Apollo 17 was the sixth Apollo moon landing and the two astronauts spent three days on the moon’s surface. The mission was also the last time that humans travelled beyond low Earth orbit.


Former stockbroker and investment advisor Bernie Madoff was arrested in 2008 for a Ponzi scheme that is considered to be the largest financial fraud in United States history. On December 10, Madoff’s sons told authorities that their father had confessed that the asset management part of the firm was a massive Ponzi scheme, whereby older investors are paid off with incoming money from new investors. The FBI arrested Madoff the next day. In March 2009, Madoff pleaded guilty to 11 federal felonies. Losses to investors were estimated at $18 billion. Madoff was sentenced to 150 years in prison, the maximum sentence allowed.


Birthdays Today


1931Rita Moreno, Puerto Rican-American actress, singer, and dancer

1939Tom Hayden, American politician and activist

1940Donna Mills, American actress and producer

1943John Kerry, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 68th United States Secretary of State

1944Brenda Lee, American singer

1947Teri Garr, American actress and dancer

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.