December 19

Nelson Rockefeller was sworn in as the Vice President of the United States in 1974, according to the provisions of the 25th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States. Gerald Ford had taken over for Nixon after Nixon’s resignation due to the Watergate Scandal. Rockefeller was one of the more liberal members in the Republican Party at that time. He was confirmed by both houses of Congress, but Barry Goldwater, Jesse Helms, and Trent Lott voted against him. Rockefeller had been the Governor of New York from 1959-1973 and had sought the presidency in 1960, 1964, and 1968 without success.


John Paul Stevens became a member of the Supreme Court of the United States in 1975 and served until his retirement in 2010. When he retired, he was the oldest Justice serving, had been the second-oldest Justice to serve and was the third-longest serving Justice in the history of the Court. Stevens was considered a liberal Justice and he served under Chief Justices Warren Burger, William Rehnquist, and John Roberts. Stevens had taken the seat of William Douglas and when he retired, Elena Kagan replaced him. Born in 1920, Stevens is 94 years old.


President Bill Clinton was impeached in 1998. The only other president who was impeached was President Andrew Johnson who survived being removed from office by the vote a single Senator. Clinton was impeached on charges of perjury and obstruction of justice. Independent Counsel Ken Starr alleged that Clinton had broken the law during the Monica Lewinsky scandal and the Paula Jones lawsuit. The vote in the House of Representatives was 228-206 for the perjury charge and 221-212 for the obstruction of justice charge. The trial began in the Senate on January 7, 1999 with Chief Justice William Rehnquist presiding. A two-thirds vote was necessary to convict and remove the President. On the perjury count, the vote was 45-55 with five Republicans joining the Democrats. On the obstruction, count the vote was 50-50 with all Republicans voting guilty.


Birthdays Today


1906Leonid Brezhnev, Ukrainian-Russian marshal, engineer, and politician, 4th Head of State of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)

1933Cicely Tyson, American actress

1934Al Kaline, American baseball player and sportscaster

1940Phil Ochs, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1976)

1944Richard Leakey, Kenyan paleontologist and politician

1961Reggie White, American football player (d. 2004)

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.