December 8

After the attack on Pearl Harbor, Franklin Roosevelt gave his “date which will live in infamy” speech in front of a joint session of Congress in 1941. Congress then declared war on Japan and the United States was involved in World War II. Germany and Italy would then declare war on the United States. The vote to go to war was almost unanimous. In the Senate, the vote was 82-0, while in the House the vote was 388-1, with Jeannette Rankin casting the lone negative vote. She had also voted not to enter World War I.


Mark David Chapman murdered John Lennon in 1980 in front of The Dakota in New York City. The first shot at Lennon missed, but two of the next bullets struck Lennon in the side of his back and two more bullets penetrated in shoulder. A doorman removed the gun from Chapman’s hand and then sat on the ground and waited for police to arrive. Lennon was pronounced dead on arrival to the hospital. Chapman later claimed that he was upset by Lennon’s “more popular than Jesus” remark and the fact that Lennon was wealthy yet came up with the song “Imagine.” Chapman was sentenced to 20-years-to-life and has been denied parole eight times. His next parole hearing is in August 2016.


The Commonwealth of Independent States was created in 1991 when the Ukraine and Belarus signed an agreement that dissolved the Soviet Union. There are nine member states of which Russia is the dominant member. Some of the goals of the CIS include the social and economic development of its members, including areas of human rights and crime prevention. Georgia withdrew from the group in 2008.



Birthdays Today


1925Sammy Davis, Jr., American actor, singer, and dancer (d. 1990)

1933Flip Wilson, American actor and screenwriter (d. 1998)

1936David Carradine, American actor, director, and producer (d. 2009)

1943Jim Morrison, American singer-songwriter and poet (The Doors and Rick & the Ravens) (d. 1971)

1947Gregg Allman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Allman Brothers Band and Hour Glass)

1951Bill Bryson, American author and academic

1953Kim Basinger, American actress, singer, and producer

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.