July 3

The United States Congress approved the Constitution of Puerto Rico in 1952. It consists of nine articles that detail the structure of its government as well as a Bill of Rights. The people of Puerto Rico had approved the referendum on March 3 and the Constitution went into effect on July 25, 1952. That day is a holiday in Puerto Rico called Constitution Day. Puerto Rico has commonwealth status as part of the United States.

Swede Bjorn Borg defeated Illie Nastase of Romania by scores of 6-4, 6-2, and 9-7 to win the Wimbledon Championship in 1976. It was the first Wimbledon championship for Bjorg who would go on to win a total of five in a row from 1976 – 1980. Nastase had won the U.S. Open in 1972 and the French Open in 1973 and was a former number one in the world. Both players are in the Tennis Hall of Fame.

In 1988, the United States guided missile cruiser the USS Vincennes shot down commercial flight Iran Air Flight 655 over the waters of the Persian Gulf. The attack came when the plane was in its usual flight path over Iranian air space. The plane was an Airbus A300 and was destroyed by a surface-to-air missile. All 290 people onboard were killed and ranks ninth on the list of the deadliest air disasters. According to the U.S. government the Vincennes mistakenly identified the Airbus as an attacking F-14 Tomcat. The Airbus was given warnings on a military radio channel, not picked up by the Iranian plane. A settlement between Iran and the United States was finalized in 1996, with the United States paying $61.8 million to the families of the victims. That averages to $213,000 per person. The United States never admitted responsibility for the disaster.

Birthdays Today

1930Pete Fountain, American clarinet player
1947Dave Barry, American journalist and author
1962Tom Cruise, American actor and producer

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.