July 30

In 1956, President Eisenhower signed a joint resolution passed by Congress to authorize “In God we trust” as the motto of the United States. It replaced “E pluribus unum” (out of many, one) that had been the unofficial motto since 1782. “In God we trust” had first appeared on coins in 1864 and on paper currency since 1957. The state of Florida also uses it as their motto.

President Lyndon Johnson signed the Social Security Amendments of 1965 into law. These amendments resulted in the creation of Medicare and Medicaid, which gave health benefits to people over 65 and to poor families. The idea of national health insurance started during the Truman era and came into being during the Johnson administration as part of his Great Society. This legislation was opposed by the American Medical Association before it was adopted and then the AMA cooperated in its implementation. The original Social Security Act was passed in 1935 when FDR was president, but it was thought that adding health insurance at that time would kill the bill. The 1965 amendments were signed in Independence, Missouri, and was attend by Harry Truman.

Labor union leader Jimmy Hoffa disappeared in 1975 from a parking lot in a restaurant in Bloomfield, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. His wife reported him missing when he did not return home that evening. The hunt for Hoffa was on. Hoffa was declared legally dead in 1982 on the seventh anniversary of his disappearance. Since he had gone missing, there have been many rumors about the location of his remains. The Detroit Free Press claims the most likely cause of his disappearance was his murder at the behest of organized crime. One of the most popular urban legends has it that he is buried beneath Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey. That stadium was demolished in 2010 and his body was not there.

Birthdays Today

1890Casey Stengel, American baseball player and manager (d. 1975)
1933Edd Byrnes, American actor and singer
1934Bud Selig, American businessman
1941Paul Anka, Canadian singer-songwriter and actor
1947Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, 38th Governor of California
1961Laurence Fishburne, American actor and producer
1963Lisa Kudrow, American actress, screenwriter, and producer

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.