July 31

In 1948, Idlewild Field in New York became New York International Airport. It would later be renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport in 1963. It is located in the borough of Queens in New York City, owned by the city of New York and operated by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. In 2013, it handled over 50 million passengers, making it the 19th busiest airport in the world and 6th busiest in the United States. Over 70 airlines operate at the airport and it is a hub for American, Delta, and Jet Blue.

Ardito Desio, an Italian climber, accomplished the first successful ascent of K2 in 1954. K2 (also known as the Savage Mountain and Mt. Godwin-Austen), is the second-highest mountain in the world after Everest and is located in the Karakoram Range in northern Pakistan. One in every four attempts to scale it has ended in death. Only Annapurna has a deadlier rate. K2 has never been climbed in winter. Previous failed attempts had occurred in 1902, 1938, and 1953.

Thomas Eagleton withdrew as the vice presidential candidate on the Democratic ticket in 1972. Eagleton was a U.S. Senator from Missouri and was chosen as the running mate George McGovern to run against Nixon and Ford. When it was learned that Eagleton had received treatment for physical and nervous exhaustion in the 1960s, he withdrew his candidacy and it was announced on August 1. Sargent Shriver of Massachusetts replaced Eagleton on the ticket. Eagleton would remain in the Senate until 1986 and died in 2007 of heart and respiratory complications at age 77.

Birthdays Today

1912Milton Friedman, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2006)
1919Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster (d. 2006)
1951Evonne Goolagong Cawley, Australian tennis player
1958Mark Cuban, American businessman
1962Wesley Snipes, American martial artist, actor, and producer

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.