Actress Judy Garland was born in 1922 in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. Her original name was Frances Ethel Gumm. Her career spanned more than 40 years as an actress, a recording artist, and performances on stage. Her first major role came at age 16 as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz. She appeared with Mickey Rooney in three Andy Hardy films in the early 1940s. Garland was nominated for an Oscar for A Star is Born (1954) and for Judgment at Nuremberg (1961). Garland was married five times including marriages to Vincente Minnelli and Sidney Luft. Liza Minnelli is her daughter. The American Film Institute named her as the 8th greatest female star of all time. She died in 1969 from an overdose of barbiturates at age 47.
Maurice Sendak was an illustrator and writer of children’s books. He was born in Brooklyn in 1928. His most famous book is Where the Wild Things Are, first published in 1963. He was affected by the death of many of his family member in the Holocaust. Other books include In the Night Kitchen (1970), Outside Over There (1981), and Little Bear (1957). Sendak died in 2012 after suffering a stroke.
In 1959, Rocky Colavito, a member of the Cleveland Indians, hit four homeruns in a single game against the Baltimore Orioles in Memorial Stadium. In 1958, Colavito hit 41 homeruns finishing behind Mickey Mantle and drove in 113 runs. Sixteen major league ball players have hit four homeruns in a single game. Babe Ruth was not one of them.
The Apple II computer went on sale in 1977. It was one of the first highly successful personal computers. Designed primarily by Steve Wozniak, it cost $1,298 ($5,052 in today’s dollars) and came with 4kB of RAM and two game paddles. Programs were stored on an audiocassette. A floppy drive was added in 1978. My first computer was an Apple IIe that I bought in 1983 and I have been an Apple fan ever since.
In 1978, the last Triple Crown winner won the Belmont Stakes. The horse was Affirmed and the jockey was Steve Cauthen. This was the 11th time a horse had won the Triple Crown. Affirmed competed against Alydar in all three races and the horses had raced each other a total of ten times. Affirmed was a chestnut horse bred in Florida and earned $2.9 million dollars in purses. Affirmed sired over 80 stakes winners that earned over $44 million dollars. The horse was euthanized in 2001 after falling ill with laminitis, a circulatory hoof disease.
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.