June 14

Today is Flag Day.

In 1954, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a bill that put the words “under God” into the Pledge of Allegiance. The pledge was written by Francis Bellamy in 1892 and was adopted by Congress as the formal pledge in 1942. Congressional sessions are opened with the Pledge, as are many local government meetings. The Supreme Court has ruled on several occasions that students are not required to say the Pledge nor punished for not doing so. The Flag Code has guidelines for saying the Pledge:

"The Pledge should be rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. When not in uniform, men should remove any non-religious headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should remain silent, face the flag, and render the military salute."

In 1975, Chris Evert defeated Martina Navratilova (2-6, 6-2, 6-1) at Roland-Garros Stadium to win the women’s singles title. It was Chris Evert’s third Grand Slam victory and her second consecutive win at the French Open. She eventually won 18 Grand Slam finals during her career that included seven French titles and six U.S. Open titles.

In 1994, the New York Rangers defeated the Vancouver Canucks to win the Stanley Cup, 4 games to 3. After the game, a riot ensued and continued into the morning of the next day. Some 50-70,000 fans converged upon downtown Vancouver and, after a fan fell from a lamppost, a riot ensued when the police asked the fans to disperse. After tear gas was used, windows were smashed in stores along Robson. Total damage to the downtown area was estimated to be $1.1 million. Up to 200 individuals were injured. 

Birthdays Today:

1925Pierre Salinger, American journalist and politician, 11th White House Press Secretary (d. 2004)
1928Che Guevara, Argentinian-Cuban physician, author, and guerrilla leader (d. 1967)
1946Donald Trump, American businessman, founded the Trump Entertainment Resorts
1952Pat Summitt, American basketball player and coach
1958Eric Heiden, American skater

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.