The Korean War began in 1950 when the North Korean Army crossed the 38th parallel and fighting broke out. A United Nations force supported South Korea while China supported the North. In 1948, two separate governments had been set up in Korea after World War II. Both claimed to be the legitimate ruler of all of Korea. Twenty-one nations contributed men and weapons to the defense of South Korea while China did the same to North Korea. After pushing back a communist offensive, the UN forces moved far north when the Chinese sent volunteers to assist the North Koreans. After the UN forces were push southward, a war of attrition settled in. A 2.5 mile-wide demilitarized zone was established between the two sections. The fighting ended on July 27, 1953 and the two Koreas remained separate nations.
Argentina won the 1978 FIFA World Cup of soccer when they defeated the Netherlands by a score of 3-1. Argentina was the host nation for the tournament and became the fifth nation to win as the host. A total of 16 teams were entered into the World Cup tournament and England failed to qualify, losing out to Italy. For the first time a shootout would be used to end games tied during the knockout stage, but was not needed in this tournament. Brazil finished in third place with Italy finishing fourth.
1925 – June Lockhart, American actress
1933 – James Meredith, American activist
1942 – Willis Reed, American basketball player, coach, and manager
1945 – Carly Simon, American singer-songwriter, actress, and author (Elephant's Memory)
1954 – Sonia Sotomayor, American jurist, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.