The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 was enacted in 1956! President Eisenhower signed the bill into law. 25 billion dollars was authorized to build 41,000 miles of roads over a ten-year period. The money for the project was put into a trust fund and the states were required to fund 10 percent of the total cost. Future taxes on gasoline, autos, and tires were also slated for this fund. Most of the Interstate Highway System it toll-free, but states that had turnpikes with tolls were allowed to enter the system. 2011 estimates show that one quarter of all vehicle miles were driven on the Interstate Highway System. The length of the system is 47,714 miles and total construction cost was estimated at $425 billion in 2006.
In 1974, ballet dancer, Mikhail Baryshnikov, defected to Canada from the Soviet Union. He is considered to be one of the greats of ballet along with Nijinsky and Nureyev. Baryshnikov was on a tour with the Kirov Ballet and decided to defect and join the Winnipeg Ballet. He claimed he would not go back to the Soviet Union. He later became the principal dancer for the American Ballet Theatre and worked with the New York City Ballet and the Royal Ballet. In 2005, he created the Baryshnikov Arts Center in New York.
In 2007, Apple Computer released the first version of the iPhone, a smartphone that became extremely popular. It runs on Apple’s iOS operating system. It features a multi-touch screen, Wi-Fi, a virtual keyboard, and thousands of applications. At the end of 2013, 51 million iPhone have been sold. It is the top-selling phone in the United States and Japan.
1912 – John Toland, American historian and author (d. 2004)
1919 – Slim Pickens, American actor (d. 1983)
1936 – Harmon Killebrew, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2011)
1941 – Stokely Carmichael, Trinidadian-American activist (d. 1998)
1961 – Sharon Lawrence, American actress
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.