June 5

Bill Moyers was born in Hugo, Oklahoma in 1934. He is a journalist and public commentator who served as the White House Press Secretary for President Lyndon Johnson from 1967-1967. Moyers had been involved with producing documentaries and news journals for public broadcasting. He received a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the University of Texas. Moyers hosted Bill Moyers Journal on PBS from 1971-1981. In 2007, he brought the show back to PBS. His work has earned him over 30 Emmy Awards.

The Six-Day War began in the Middle East in 1967. It has also been called the June War, 1967 Arab-Israeli War, or the Third Arab-Israeli War. It was fought between June fifth and June 10th between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The war began with Israeli strikes against Egypt in response to a build-up of Egyptian forces along the border with Israel. The result was a decisive military victory for Israel with Israel gaining control over the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, the Golan Heights, and the Sinai Peninsula. The war laid the foundation for further problems in the region.

The assassination of Robert Kennedy occurred in 1968 at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. Kennedy has just won the California primary election in his bid to become president. He addressed his supporters and then, while leaving through the kitchen, he was shot by Sirhan Sirhan, a 24 year-old Palestinian using a .22 caliber revolver. Kennedy was shot three times and five other people were wounded. Kennedy was rushed to the hospital where he died several hours later. Sirhan Sirhan said he felt betrayed by Kennedy’s support for Israel during the Six-Day War. The assassin was originally sentenced to death, but was commuted to life in prison three years later as California dropped the death penalty.

The Suez Canal was reopened after the Six-Day War in 1975. 14 ships had been trapped in the closed canal during that time. The canal had been closed to Israeli shipping since 1949 and the 1973 Yom Kippur War had caused much damage to the canal. Under Operation Nimbus Moon, the United States helped clear the canal of mines. President Anwar Sadat then opened the canal after it was declared safe. While the Suez Canal was closed for eight years, ships needed to travel around the Cape of Good Hope.

The “Tank Man” or the “Unknown Protester” stood in front of a column of tanks near Tiananmen Square in 1989. The day before, the Chinese military had begun to clear the square of protesters. The tanks tried to drive around the man, but he just kept changing his position to be in front of the tanks. The man eventually jumped onto the lead tank and spoke with one of the men inside the tank. He then resumed standing in front of the tanks until two people pulled him into the nearby crowd. The man has never been officially identified.

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.