Desi Arnaz, actor, singer, and producer was born in 1917 in Santiago, Cuba. He is best known for his role as Ricky Ricardo in the I Love Lucy series, but was known internationally for his Latin music band, The Desi Arnaz Orchestra. Arnaz was married to Lucille Ball from 1940 – 1960 and with her had a son, Desi Arnaz, Jr. and a daughter, Lucie Arnaz. Desi Arnaz and Lucille Ball founded Desilu Productions that produced many familiar television shows.
In 1931, Mikhail Gorbachev was born in Stavropol, Russia. He was the seventh and last leader of the Soviet Union and served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party (1985-1991). His policy of openness (glasnost) and restructuring (perestroika) were important factors in ending the Cold War. Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1990.
Author John Irving was born in 1942 in Exeter, New Hampshire. He achieved acclaim after publishing The World According to Garp (1978). That novel was considered for a Pulitzer Prize. Other notable novels include The Cider House Rules (1985), A Prayer for Owen Meany (1989), and A Widow for One Year (1998). Several of his novels were adapted for movies including The World According to Garp, The Hotel New Hampshire, and The Cider House Rules.
In 1962, in Hershey, PA, Wilt Chamberlain scored 100 points in a professional basketball game. He made 36 of 63 shots from the field and made 28 of 32 points at the free throw line. His team, the Philadelphia Warriors defeated the NY Knicks 169-147. In that season, Chamberlain scored over 4,000 points, a feat accomplished by no other NBA player. His per game average was 50.4 points. The game was not televised and no video footage of the games is known to exist.
The compact disc and disc players were introduced into the United States in 1983. The CD is a digital optical disc data storage format originally developed to record and playback music, but was later used as storage for data known as CD-ROMs. They originally had more storage than the personal computers of the day, but hard drives have surpassed CDs. Phillips and Sony developed the compact disc separately, but eventually collaborated on the final product. The compact CD certainly changed how people played their music and put vinyl recordings in the background.
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.