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Actress and dancer Cyd Charisse was born in 1921 in Amarillo, Texas. After suffering with polio as a child, her film career began in the 1940s. Her most important films include Singin’ in the Rain (1952), The Band Wagon (1953), and Silk Stockings (1957).  Charisse received the National Medal of the Arts and Humanities in 2006. Because of her abilities as a dancer she was paired with Gene Kelly and Fred Astaire. Cyd Charisse died in 2008.

The first United States combat troops (3,500) were sent to Vietnam in 1965. It marked the beginning of the ground war for the United States. Troop level hit its peak in 1968 when there were over 536,000 American troops involved in the war.

Casey Stengel was selected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1966. Born with the name of Charles Stengel in Kansas City, Missouri, his nickname comes from the K.C. of the city of his birth. Although he played professional baseball, he is most noted as the manager of the New York Yankees. As the head of the Yankees, he lead them to five straight World Series victories (1949- 1953). His teams then won two more in 1956 and 1958. Stengel finished his career with the New York Mets from 1962 – 1965. He passed away in 1975.

Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG) opened in Paris in 1974. It is France’s largest airport and named for Charles de Gaulle, a French military leader during World War II and later the president of France. The airport is located 16 miles northeast of Paris and is the hub for Air France. It handles over 60 million passengers a year and ranks as the 7th busiest airport in the world.

Ronald Reagan used the phrase “evil empire” when referring to the Soviet Union in a speech given in 1983. Reagan took a very aggressive stance towards the Soviet Union as the Cold War continued.  He was giving a speech to National Association of Evangelicals in Orlando, Florida.


Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.