Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was born in 1934. He was the first person to venture into space when he completed an orbit of the Earth in 1961. It was his only flight into space. Gagarin died in 1968 during a training flight.
Chess champion Bobby Fischer was born in 1943 in Chicago. He was the 11th World Chess Champion and considered by many to be the greatest chess champion of all-time. Fischer became the youngest grandmaster up to that time. He captured the world championship in 1972 from Boris Spaasky in Reykjavik, Iceland. Fischer became a recluse in 1975 until he played Spaasky again in 1992. Fischer died in 2008.
Barbie (the doll) made her first appearance in 1959. She is manufactured by Mattel. Barbie has dominated the doll market since her introduction. Barbie’s full name is Barbara Millicent Roberts, and, of course, her boyfriend is Ken (Carson). Mattel estimates that there are over 100,00 serious Barbie collectors. The original Barbie sold for $3 and a collectible Barbie sold for $17,000 in 2005.
The first Ford Mustang was manufactured in 1964 and introduced to the public on April 17th of that same year. The Mustang was a “pony” car – a sporty car with a long hood and a short rear deck. The first Mustang had a retail price of $2,368 ($17,868 in today’s dollars). Mustang sales peaked in 1966 with 608,000 cars sold.
In 1981, Dan Rather took over as the CBS News anchor succeeding Walter Cronkite. He held that position until 2005. Rather first became known during the John Kennedy assassination. He ended his nightly broadcasts with the phrase "That's part of our world tonight." Near the end of Rather’s tenure, CBS had fallen behind NBC and ABC. Rather stepped down from his anchor post after a he was criticized about his reporting about President Bush’s military record.
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.