Singer Bobby Darin was born the Bronx in 1936. He was also an actor in film and television during his short life. Among his many hit songs are Splish Splash (1958), Dream Lover (1959), Mack the Knife (1959), and Beyond the Sea (1959). Early in his career he wrote several songs for Connie Francis. Darin fell in love with Sandra Dee when they appeared in Come September (1960). They married, had a son, and divorced in 1967. He suffered from poor health throughout his life and developed sepsis that further weakened one of his heart valves. Darin died just after surgery in 1973 at 37 years of age.
Film director, screenwriter, and producer, George Lucas was born in Modesto, California in 1944. He was the founder of Lucasfilm and eventually sold his company to Disney in 2012. He is best known for Star Wars and creating the character of Indiana Jones. He has been nominated for four Academy Awards. Lucas wrote and directed American Graffiti (1973) and Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981). Lucas is a major collector of the works of Norman Rockwell.
In 1955, eight communist nations of Eastern Europe formed the military alliance known as the Warsaw Pact. The organization was response to the inclusion of West Germany into NATO in 1955. Member nations included Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union, and Albania. The Warsaw Pact came to an end with the end of the Cold War when the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland joined NATO in 1991.
NASA launched the first American space station, Skylab, in 1973. It included a workshop and a solar observatory, when it was launched by a Saturn V rocket. Skylab was damaged its launch and was saved by a repair crew. Development of the space shuttle scrapped plans to refurbish Skylab and it reentered the atmosphere with pieces of it striking parts of Western Australia.
In 1961, a mob of KKK Klansmen attacked a bus full of Freedom Riders in Anniston, Alabama. The bus tires were slashed and the bus was firebombed and the attackers held the doors shut, intending to burn the riders. The mod finally retreated, but the escaping riders were beaten as they escaped the bus. Later, a second bus of Freedom Riders was also attacked. The Freedom Riders wanted to continue their ride and Attorney General Robert Kennedy arranged for an escort to get them to Montgomery, Alabama. The Riders then attempted to fly to New Orleans, but a bomb threat stopped that plan. By then, their efforts had brought national attention to the civil rights movement.
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.