Actress Audrey Hepburn (born Audrey Kathleen Ruston) was born Brussels, Belgium in 1929. The American Film Institute ranked her as the third greatest female screen legend. Hepburn studied ballet before moving to England. She starred in the Broadway version of Gigi and had the lead role in Roman Holiday (1953) for which she won an Academy Award. Other notable films include Sabrina (1954), Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1961), and My Fair Lady (1964). Hepburn became an active supporter for UNICEF. She died in 1993 from appendiceal cancer.
In 1953, Ernest Hemingway won a Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea. The book was written in 1951 in Cuba and published in 1952. It was his last major work of fiction. The story deals with an aging fisherman who struggles with a giant marlin in the Gulf Stream. The book was a contributing factor in awarding the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954.
The first Grammy Awards were held in 1959. They were held at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Los Angeles and hosted by Mort Sahl. The best song and record of the year was Volare by Domenico Modugno, album of the year went to Henry Mancini for The Music from Peter Gunn. The Kingston Trio won for Tom Dooley, and Ella Fitzgerald won for Best Jazz Performance and for Best Pop Vocal Performance.
The shootings at Kent State University in Ohio took place in 1970. The incident involved the shooting of unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard. Four students were killed, nine were wounded, including one student who became paralyzed for life. Student protests were being held on campus to protest the enlarging of the Vietnam War into Cambodia. Some of the students who were shot were merely observing the protests. The event triggered the closing of hundreds of colleges and universities. Eight guardsmen were indicted, but claimed they acted in self-defense. A judge dismissed the case. In a civil action for wrongful death, the state of Ohio settled for payments of $675,000 to all the plaintiffs.
Margaret Thatcher became the first female prime minister of the United Kingdom in 1979. She would hold that position until 1990 as the leader of the Conservative Party. She was the longest-serving prime minister in the 20th century. Thatcher was known as the “Iron Lady” due to her uncompromising ways and leadership style. Originally a chemist, Thatcher won a seat in Parliament for Finchley in 1959. After the Falklands War in 1982, she was reelected in 1983. Thatcher died of a stroke in 2013 at the age of 87.
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.