George Orson Welles was born in 1915 in Kenosha, Wisconsin. He was an actor, director, writer, and producer in theater, radio, and film. His is best remembered for The War of the Worlds radio broadcast in 1938 and the film Citizen Kane (1941). The American Film Institute ranks Citizen Kane as the number one film. Other major films that he directed include The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), Touch of Evil (1958), and The Trial (1962). His personal life was filled with three marriages, one of which was to Rita Hayworth and he was intimate with actress Dolores del Rio. Welles died in 1985 of a heart attack shortly after doing an interview with Merv Griffin. He was 70 years old.
Baseball player Willie Mays (the “Say Hey Kid”) was born in Westfield, Alabama in 1931. He is one of the all-time greats in baseball and played for the Giants and the Mets. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1979, after having played from 1951 – 1973. Mays won two MVP awards in the National League, played in 24 All-Star games and finished with 660 career homeruns. As a center fielder, he won 12 Gold Gloves for his defensive skills. Mays is second on The Sporting News’s 100 Greatest Baseball Players list. On April 30, 1961, he hit four homeruns in one game. His number 24 jersey is retired by the San Francisco Giants. Mays is credited with "The Catch."
Rubin “Hurricane” Carter was born Clifton, New Jersey in 1937. He was a middleweight boxer who was wrongly convicted of murder in 1966 and spent almost 20 years in prison. Carter and a friend were arrested for a triple homicide committed in a bar in Paterson, NJ. When police searched their car, they found ammunition that would fit the murder weapon. No fingerprints at the crime scene were taken. The pair were twice convicted in 1967 and 1976, but the second conviction was overturned in 1985. Carter’s story inspired the Bob Dylan song “Hurricane.” Carter died on April 20, 2014 in Toronto, Canada.
In 1983, the West German news magazine, Stern, had published what had been purported to be the diaries of Adolf Hitler. They turned out to be forgeries. The magazine had paid 3.8 million dollars for sixty small books, plus another one that detailed the flight of Rudolf Hess to Britain. The diaries supposedly had been smuggled out of East Germany and were supposedly authenticated that the handwriting belonged to Hitler. As it turned out, much of the text turned out to be excerpts from various Hitler speeches. Further handwriting experts declared them to be forgeries and the forgers were eventually sentenced to 42 months in prison.
The Chunnel Tunnel was officially opened in 1994 with a ceremony attended by Queen Elizabeth II and Francois Mitterand, the president of France. The Chunnel is 31.4 miles long and connects Calais with Dover across the English Channel. At its lowest point, the Chunnel is 250 beneath the surface of the water. The high–speed Eurostar passenger train carries people and vehicles between the United Kingdom and the rest of Europe. Construction began in 1988 and cost 4.6 billion pounds, 80% over budget. Fires and cold weather have plagued the Chunnel and it has been a conduit for illegal immigration.
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.