November 12

In 1948, Hidecki Tojo and six other Japanese government and military officials were sentenced to death for their roles in World War II. Tojo had failed to commit suicide by shooting himself and underwent surgery to save his life. He then went to trial where he was found guilty of waging aggressive war against the United States and several other Allied nations. Tojo was sentenced to death and hanged on December 23 later that year.


Yuri Andropov became the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1982. He replaced Leonid Brezhnev in that position. As the Soviet Ambassador to Hungary, he had a major role in crushing the Hungarian revolution in 1956. Andropov had also been the head of the KGB. He continued the Soviet war in Afghanistan, but he most famous for responding to a letter from a 10-year-old American girl and inviting her to Moscow. In 1984, Andropov died from complications from renal failure. He was succeeded by Konstantin Chernenko.


In 1990, Crown Prince Akihito became the 125th monarch in Japanese history. He was the oldest son of Emperor Hirohito, educated by private tutors, but did not receive a commission in the Japanese army. During the American occupation of Japan after World War II, Akihito learned English and in 1953, he attended the coronation of Queen Elizabeth in London. He has made attempts to bring the Imperial family closer to the people of Japan. Akihito and his wife Michiko Shoda have three children, and the eldest son, Naruhito will succeed his father as emperor.


Birthdays Today


1917Jo Stafford, American singer and actress (d. 2008)

1929Grace Kelly, American-Monacan actress and singer (d. 1982)

1934Charles Manson, American cult leader and murderer

1944Al Michaels, American sportscaster

1945Neil Young, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Buffalo Springfield, Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young, The Squires, The Mynah Birds, Northern Lights, and The Ducks)

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.