October 16

In 1964, China detonated its first nuclear weapon. It was a uranium-235 implosion fission device and was about 22 kilotons in power. China became the 5th nation with nuclear weapons. The United States had been the first nation with such weapons, followed by the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France. Since 1964, India, Pakistan, and North Korea have been identified as nuclear nations, while it is believed that Israel has nuclear capabilities.

Tommie Smith and John Carlos were dropped from the US Olympic team for their demonstration of the Black Power salute at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City. Each man had raised a glove-covered fist while they were on the medal stand. Smith had won the 200-meter race and Carlos took third place. Both men were shoeless and wearing black socks to represent black poverty. When the national anthem was played during the presentation, the men bowed their heads and raised their fists. Smith and Carlos were expelled from the games and their families received death threats. Smith played professional football with the Cincinnati Bengals, became an assistant professor of physical education at Oberlin, and is a public speaker today. Carlos also participated in professional football and became a high school track and field coach. Both men received an Arthur Ashe Courage Award in 2008.

Desmond Tutu won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984. He is a South African social rights activist and retired Anglican bishop. He was at the forefront of the fight against apartheid in South Africa. He has been active against AIDS, tuberculosis, poverty, racism, and sexism. Tutu also receive the Albert Schweitzer for Humanitarianism in 1986, the Gandhi Peace Prize in 2007, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.

1923Linda Darnell, American actress and singer (d. 1965)
1923Bert Kaempfert, German conductor and composer (d. 1980)
1925Angela Lansbury, English-American actress, singer, and producer
1931Charles Colson, American lawyer, politician, and blogger (d. 2012)
1940Dave DeBusschere, American basketball player and coach (d. 2003)
1941Tim McCarver, American baseball player, sportscaster, and singer
1946Suzanne Somers, American actress
1958Tim Robbins, American actor, director, and screenwriter

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.