October 17

In 1973, OPEC began an oil embargo against nations that helped Israel in the Yom Kippur War. The price of oil jumped from $3 per barrel to $12. This led to a panic situation in the United States and the beginning of gas rationing. Many gas stations closed on Sundays and limited the number of days you could buy gasoline based on your license plate. Long-lasting effects included a national 55 mph speed limit, building more fuel-efficient cars, and the extension of Daylight Saving Time. This year the switch back to standard time will take place on November 2. A Department of Energy was created and people got used to lowering their thermostats. The oil embargo helped to trigger a general global economic recession.

Mother Teresa was awarded the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize. Born in Albania in 1910, she spent most of her life doing works of charity in India. Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, which consisted of over 4,500 sisters in 133 nations. The organization runs hospices and homes for people with AIDS, leprosy, and tuberculosis. In 2003, she was beatified by the Catholic Church, which is the first step towards sainthood. Blessed Mother Teresa died on September 5, 1997.

The Loma Prieta earthquake occurred in Northern California in 1989. The shock was centered about 10 miles northeast of Santa Cruz and was responsible for 63 deaths and over 3,700 injuries. Damage estimates came in at about $6 billion. The earthquake affected the World Series between the San Francisco Giants and the Oakland Athletics. A section of the Nimitz Freeway collapsed causing the largest number of injuries due to the quake. The Bay Bridge suffered minor damage, but underscored the need for more repairs.

Birthdays Today

1912Pope John Paul I (d. 1978)
1915Arthur Miller, American playwright (d. 2005)
1918Rita Hayworth, American actress, singer, dancer, and producer (d. 1987)
1918Ralph Wilson, American businessman, founded the Buffalo Bills (d. 2014)
1921Tom Poston, American actor (d. 2007)
1930Jimmy Breslin, American journalist and author
1933The Singing Nun, Belgian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and nun (d. 1985)
1948Margot Kidder, Canadian-American actress1948 – George Wendt, American actor

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.