October 21

The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum opened in New York City in 1959. It is located in the Upper East Side of Manhattan on Fifth Avenue. The museum contains collections of impressionist, Post-impressionist, early Modern, and contemporary art. The building was designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and contains a unique spiral ramp. Over 1.2 million people visit the museum each year. The Guggenheim has a sister museum in Bilbao, Spain.

Kidnappers cut off the ear of John Paul Getty III and sent it to a Rome newspaper in 1973. Getty was a member of the oil-rich Getty family and thus a target for kidnappers. He was kidnapped on July 10, 1973 and his family received a ransom note for $17 million. In November, a lock of hair and a human ear was sent to a newspaper with the threat of further mutilation. Getty, Sr. negotiated a final payment of $2.9 million and his son was released on December 15, 1973.

Author Saul Bellow was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1976. Bellow is the only writer to receive the National Book Award for Fiction on three separate occasions. His best-known works include The Adventures of Augie Marsh, Henderson the Rain King, Herzog, Humboldt’s Gift, and Ravelstein. Bellow’s parents migrated from Russia to Quebec, Canada. When he was nine, his family moved to Chicago and in 1941, he became a US citizen. Bellow died in 2005 at the age of 89.

Birthdays Today

1917Dizzy Gillespie, American trumpet player, composer, and bandleader (d. 1993)
1928Whitey Ford, American baseball player and coach
1929Ursula K. Le Guin, American author
1949Benjamin Netanyahu, Israeli captain and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Israel
1956Carrie Fisher, American actress and screenwriter

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.