October 23

The first shots in the Hungarian Revolution against the government of Hungary and Soviet-imposed policies were fired in 1956. The revolution lasted until November 10. It was the first major threat to Soviet control of Eastern Europe after World War II. It began with student demonstrations as they marched through central Budapest. The State Security Police fired upon the group and the revolution spread across Hungary. On November 4, a Soviet military force invaded the country and ended the revolution. Over 2,500 Hungarians were killed along with 700 Soviet soldiers and more than 200,000 Hungarians fled the country.

In 1970, Gary Gabelich set a land speed record in his rocket-powered vehicle, the Blue Flame. He achieved a speed of 622.407 mph over a mile length over the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah. The Blue Flame used a combination of high-test peroxide and liquefied natural gas. Richard Noble surpassed his record in 1983 in his Thrust2 vehicle and again in 1997 in Thrust SSC raising the record to 760 mph.

The Beirut Barracks Bombing took place in 1983 when two truck bombs struck building housing American and French forces stationed in Lebanon. 241 American servicemen and 58 French soldiers were killed. A group calling itself the Islamic Jihad took responsibility for the using suicide bombers in the trucks. It was the deadliest day for the US Marines since Iwo Jima in World War II. The attack led to the withdrawal of the international peacekeeping force from Lebanon.

Birthdays Today

1905Gertrude Ederle, American swimmer (d. 2003)
1925Johnny Carson, American comedian and talk show host (d. 2005)
1935Chi-Chi Rodríguez, Puerto Rican golfer
1940Pelé, Brazilian footballer
1942Michael Crichton, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2008)
1954Ang Lee, Taiwanese-American director, producer, and screenwriter
1959"Weird Al" Yankovic, American singer-songwriter, comedian, and actor
1962Doug Flutie, American football player

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.