October 25

Author John Steinbeck was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962. Steinbeck wrote 16 novels including The Grapes of Wrath (1939), East of Eden (1952) and the novella Of Mice and Men (1937). He was born in Salinas, California in 1902 and studied literature at Stanford. His first novel, Cup of Gold was published in 1929 and his first critical success came in 1935 with Tortilla Flat. In 1964, President Johnson awarded Steinbeck the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Steinbeck died in 1968 of congestive heart failure at the age of 66.

In 1971, the United Nations expelled the Republic of China (Taiwan) and replaced them with the People’s Republic of China (Communist China). China had been an original member of the United Nations, but the Chinese Republicans were forced to leave China for Taiwan in 1949. UN Resolution 2758 caused the switch. Most communist nations supported the move, while the United States and others opposed it. China has a population of over 1.3 billion while Taiwan’s population is about 23 million.

The United States invaded the Caribbean island of Grenada in 1983. Grenada has a population of 91,000 and is located about 100 miles north of Venezuela. Grenada had been independent from the UK since 1974 and a revolutionary government had taken control. Operation Urgent Fury sought to restore the former government to power. About 7,600 troops invaded the island and achieved victory in a few weeks. While most Americans supported the invasion, Canada and the UK criticized it. October 25 is now a holiday known as Thanksgiving Day in Grenada.

Birthdays Today

1912Jack Kent Cooke, Canadian-American businessman and philanthropist (d. 1997)
1912Minnie Pearl, American actress and singer (d. 1996)
1928Anthony Franciosa, American actor (d. 2006)
1940Bob Knight, American basketball player and coach
1941Helen Reddy, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
1941Anne Tyler, American author
1944James Carville, American lawyer and political consultant
1948Dave Cowens, American basketball player and coach
1948Dan Gable, American wrestler and coach

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.