October 28

Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was elected Pope of the Roman Catholic Church in 1958. He took the name John XXIII and he was 76 years old at the time. As pope, he called for the historic Second Vatican Council, but did not live to see its completion in 1965. He died of stomach cancer in 1963 after serving for 4½ years in office. Pope John had succeeded Pius XII and his successor was Paul VI. He was beatified in 2000 and canonized as a saint in 2014.

The Gateway Arch in St. Louis was completed in 1965. The monument stands 630 feet tall and is the tallest man-made monument in the Western Hemisphere and the world’s tallest arch. It was built to honor the westward expansion of the United States. Architect Eero Saarinen designed the arch, which sits on the west bank of the Mississippi. Construction began in February 1963 and was completed at a cost of $13 million ($97 million in today’s dollars). The arch opened to the public in 1967 and handles about 4 million people each year. The arch is built of stainless steel and visitors can reach the top via a tram that departs every 10 minutes.

Dick Cheney’s Chief of Staff, I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, was indicted in 2005 as part of the Valerie Plame affair. Journalist Robert Novak had publicly identified Valerie Plame as a covert CIA officer in 2003. The “outing” of Plame led to a criminal investigation and “Scooter” Libby was convicted of lying to investigators and was sentenced to 30 months in prison and a fine of $250,000. President Bush commuted his sentence before Libby reported to prison, but the rest of the sentence remained in effect.

Birthdays Today

1917Jack Soo, American actor (d. 1979)
1932Suzy Parker, American model and actress (d. 2003)
1937Lenny Wilkens, American basketball player and coach
1944Dennis Franz, American actor
1949Bruce Jenner, American decathlete and actor
1955Bill Gates, American businessman, co-founded Microsoft

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.