October 31

In 1961, Joseph Stalin’s body was removed from Vladimir Lenin’s tomb and buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis next to the Kremlin. This was done as part of the de-Stalinization carried out by Nikita Khrushchev. The city of Stalingrad was renamed Volgograd.

Mrs. Indira Gandhi (not related to Mohandas Gandhi; she was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India) was assassinated in 1984. As the 4th prime minister, Mrs. Gandhi was famous for her political ruthlessness and consolidation of power. She was killed by two of her bodyguards as she was walking in the garden of the prime minister’s residence on her way to be interviewed by Peter Ustinov who was filming a documentary. One bodyguard was killed by police and the other was hanged in 1989. Their action was prompted by their reaction to Operation Blue Star which included an assault on the Sikh temple, The Golden Temple.

October 31, 2011 was honored by the United Nations as “Seven Billion Day.” It was the day that the population of the world reached the seven billion mark. The “Day of Six Billion” had occurred in October 1999. The United Nations wanted the world to know about the problems that come with such a large population including poverty, gender equality, youth, aging, urbanization, the environment, and reproductive health. The symbolic honor of being the seven billionth person went to Nargis Kumar, a baby born in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Birthdays Today

1912Dale Evans, American singer-songwriter and actress (d. 2001)
1925Lee Grant, American actress, director, and producer
1931Dan Rather, American journalist
1943Brian Piccolo, American football player (d. 1970)
1947Frank Shorter, American runner
1963Fred McGriff, American baseball player and radio host

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.