October 9

The nation of Uganda declared its independence from the United Kingdom in 1962. It is a landlocked country I East Africa surrounded by Kenya, South Sudan, the Congo, Rwanda, and Tanzania. Uganda had been a colony of the British since the late 1800s. The population of Uganda is 37 million and the capital city is Kampala. The per capita income is $1,414. Idi Amin gained control of the country from 1971-1979 and his government was responsible for the forced emigration of Asians. Homosexuality is illegal in Uganda and that has caused problems with Uganda’s relations with other nations. Coffee and tea are Uganda’s major exports.

Che Guevara was executed in Bolivia in 1967. He was in Bolivia to lead a small revolutionary army against the regular Bolivian army. A wounded Che was captured on October 8 and interrogated. Bolivian president René Barrientos ordered him to be killed and he was shot nine times, the last bullet entering his throat. After his death, his hands were amputated and were sent to Buenos Aires where his fingerprints were on file. In 1997, Che’s body was removed from Bolivia and sent to Cuba where his body was interred after military honors were bestowed upon him. Che Guevara had been an Argentine revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, and diplomat. He had played a major role in the Cuban Revolution with Fidel Castro.

The Phantom of the Opera opened at Her Majesty’s Theatre in London in 1986. Andrew Lloyd Webber, Charles Hart, and Richard Stillgoe created it. The plot revolves around a beautiful soprano, Christine Daaé who became an obsession by a disfigured musical genius. The musical won the 1986 Olivier Award and the 1988 Tony Award for best musical. Michael Crawford and Sarah Brightman were part of the original cast. It is now the second longest running West End musical after Les Misérables. The Phantom of the Opera has surpassed the $5.6 billion in gross receipts around the world.

Birthdays Today

1911Joe Rosenthal, American photographer (d. 2006)
1915Belva Plain, American author (d. 2010)
1922Fyvush Finkel, American actor
1940John Lennon, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Beatles, The Quarrymen, Plastic Ono Band, and The Dirty Mac) (d. 1980)
1953Tony Shalhoub, American actor and producer
1964Guillermo del Toro, Mexican-American director, producer, and screenwriter

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.