September 1

The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway was published in 1952. It was Hemingway’s last major work that was produced and published in his lifetime. The short novel features an old man, Santiago, and his struggles with a giant marlin in the Gulf Stream. It won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1953 and was a contributing factor in the Nobel Prize in Literature for Hemingway in 1954.

Bobby Fischer of the United States defeated Russian Boris Spaasky in 1972 to become the champion of world chess. Beginning at age 14, Fischer became the United States champion. Fischer met Spaasky in Reykjavik, Iceland to compete for the World Chess Championship. Fischer refused to play until the prize money was increased and it was raised to $250,000 ($1.4 million today). The press called their meeting “The Match of the Century.” Fischer defeated Spaasky 12 ½ to 8 ½. Fischer lost his championship in 1975 when re refused to play Anatoly Karpov. After spending many of his remaining years in seclusion, Fischer died in 2008 of renal failure.

The Marathon of Hope ended near Thunder Bay, Ontario in 1980. Terry Fox, a Canadian who has lost his right leg due to a cancer called osteosarcoma in 1977, made the run. He continued to run and played wheelchair basketball and in 1980 planned his Marathon of Hope to raise money for cancer research. He hoped to raise $24 million, one dollar for each Canadian person as he tried to run the width of Canada. His run began in St. John’s, Newfoundland, running a marathon distance each day. He was forced to quit when the cancer spread into his lungs, but Fox had become a national hero. He died nine months later at the age of 22. Many buildings, roads, and parks across Canada are named in his honor.

Birthdays Today

1923Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
1933Ann Richards, American educator and politician, 45th Governor of Texas (d. 2006)
1939Lily Tomlin, American actress, producer, and screenwriter
1957Gloria Estefan, Cuban-American singer-songwriter and actress

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.