In 1950, American forces landed at Inchon, South Korea that began an amphibious invasion during the Korean War. The landing resulted in a decisive victory for United Nations forces and helped to reverse the tide of the war. The invasion led to the recapture of Seoul two weeks later. The majority of the 75,000 troops landing at Inchon consisted of U.S. Marines and was commanded by General Douglas MacArthur. Many military scholars consider the battle as on of the most decisive military operations in modern warfare.
Four young girls lost their lives in the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing in 1963. The African American church was bombed on a Sunday in Birmingham, Alabama and marked a turning point in the civil rights movement. The church has been a rallying point for civil rights activities in 1963 and had been a meeting place for Martin Luther King, Jr. and Ralph Abernathy. The case went unsolved until 1977 when Robert Chambliss was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 2000, the FBI announced that the bombing had been carried out by a splinter group of the KKK and claimed that four men were responsible. One had already died and the other two were tried and convicted.
In 2008, Lehman Brothers filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in the largest bankruptcy filing in United States History. The company was the fourth largest investment bank in the United States behind Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, and Merrill Lynch. Their actions are believed to have played a major role in the global financial crisis. The firm was then divided up between Barclays and Nomura Holdings. Lehman Brothers had been created Emanuel and Mayer Lehman starting with a dry goods store in Montgomery, Alabama in the 1840s. During bankruptcy proceedings, Lehman claimed a debt of $613 billion and assets of $639 billion.
1907 – Fay Wray, Canadian-American actress (d. 2004)
1922 – Jackie Cooper, American actor, singer, director, and producer (d. 2011)
1940 – Merlin Olsen, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (d. 2010)
1946 – Tommy Lee Jones, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1946 – Oliver Stone, American director, screenwriter, and producer
1961 – Dan Marino, American football player
Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.