September 18

The National Security Act established the Nations Security Council (NSC) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1947. The NSC is responsible for coordinating policy on national security issues and advising the president on such matters. The CIA is one of the major intelligence gathering agencies for the United States federal government. Their headquarters is located in Langley, Virginia and its employees operate from many embassies and other locations throughout the world. The CIA’s main functions are to gather information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, analyze the information, and provide national security intelligence to certain parts of the U.S. government. They also oversee covert and tactical operations.

Secretary General of the United Nations, Dag Hammarskjold, was killed in an airplane crash as he was trying to negotiate peace in the Congo in 1961. He was the second secretary general of the UN serving from 1953 until his death. Hammarskjold was a Swedish diplomat, economist and author and was the youngest person to hold the position of secretary general. He was posthumously awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 1961. He had been nominated before his death.

Patty Hearst was arrested in 1975 after spending a year on the FBI’s Most Wanted List. She is the granddaughter of publisher William Randolph Hearst. The Symbionese Liberation Army, a left-wing revolutionary group that participated in bank robberies and murder, kidnapped Hearst. Hearst then joined the SLA and participated in a bank robbery. She alleged that she was held in close confinement, was brainwashed, and sexually assaulted. Hearst was defended by the famous attorney F. Lee Bailey and was convicted of bank robbery and sentenced to 35 years in prison. President Carter commuted her sentence to two years and Hearst was free in 1979, after serving 22 months in prison. President Clinton granted her a full pardon in 2000.

Birthdays Today

1905Greta Garbo, Swedish-American actress and singer (d. 1990)
1933Robert Blake, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1933Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1939 Frankie Avalon, American actor and singer
1959Ryne Sandberg, American baseball player, coach, and manager
1961James Gandolfini, American actor (d. 2013)

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.