September 23

In 1952, Richard Nixon made his “Checkers Speech.” Nixon was the Republican vice-presidential candidate and the U.S. Senator from California. He was accused of improprieties about a campaign fund for his political expenses. One of the “gifts’ that he received was a dog named Checkers. He stated that he intended to keep Checkers because his children loved the dog. The speech, which was seen by about 60 million people, led to an outpouring of support for Nixon and he was retained on the Eisenhower ticket, which one the November election.

The Chicago Eight (which became the Chicago Seven) trial began in 1969. Abbie Hoffman, Jerry Rubin, Tom Hayden and four others were charged with conspiracy and inciting to riot at the Chicago Democratic Convention that took place in 1968. Bobby Seale was separated from the group, reducing the original eight to seven. William Kunstler was one of the defense attorneys. The trial became a circus from the beginning with insults being hurled at Judge Julius Hoffman. The trial went on for months with Phil Ochs, Judy Collins, Arlo Guthrie, Timothy Leary, Jessie Jackson, and others called to testify. On February 17, 1970, all seven defendants were found not guilty of conspiracy. Five members were convicted of crossing state lines to incite a riot and sentenced to five years in prison and fined $5,000 each. In 1972 and appeals court reversed all of the convictions.

Juan Perón returned to power in Argentina in 1973. He was elected three-time as president of Argentina from 1946 – 1955. Perón and his wife Eva Duarte (Evita) were extremely popular, but Evita died in 1952, and Juan Perón was exiled in 1955. Perón returned to Argentina in 1973 and became the vice president to Héctor Campora. When Campora died in 1974, Perón became the president, but died shortly after on July 1, 1974. The Peronist movement remains strong today with the Justicialist Party, which derives its name from “social justice.”

Birthdays Today

1920Mickey Rooney, American actor, singer, director, and producer (d. 2014)
1930Ray Charles, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actor (d. 2004)
1943Julio Iglesias, Spanish singer-songwriter
1949Bruce Springsteen, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (E Street Band and Steel Mill)

Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.