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In 1953, Nikita Khrushchev was elected as the first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He has served in the Red Army as a Lieutenant General, and became the leader of the after the death of Josef Stalin. Khrushchev was responsible for the de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union and promoted the Soviet space program. He was noted for his famous “We will bury you” speech at the United Nations as well as a visit to the United States in 1959. He was ousted from power in 1964 when Brezhnev came to power.

The Pro Football Hall of Fame opened in Canton, Ohio in 1963 with 17 charter members. The NFL had been founded in Canton in 1920 when it was called the American Professional Football Association Ground was broken in August 1962 and the first expansion came in 1970. A 46-person committee largely made up of sportswriters elects players into the Hall of Fame. The induction ceremony is held in early August of each year. Original inductees include Sammy Baugh, Don Hutson, George Halas, and Harold “Red” Grange.

The United States signed treaties with Panama in 1977 that would eventually give Panama control over the Panama Canal after 1999. These treaties signed by President Carter effectively negated the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty of 1903 that gave the United States the right to build, own, and operate the canal. The Canal Zone ceased to exist on October 1, 1979 and the final phase of the treaty was completed in 1999. There was some opposition to the treaties by Senators Strom Thurmond and Jesse Helms.

Birthdays Today

1912 – David Packard, American engineer and businessman, co-founded Hewlett-Packard (d. 1996)
1923 – Peter Lawford, English-American actor and singer (d. 1984)
1924 – Daniel Inouye, American captain and politician, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2012)
1936 – Buddy Holly, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Crickets) (d. 1959)



Larry Moskal began his career as a Social Studies teacher in 1971. He graduated from the University of Buffalo with degrees in history and education. Larry taught Social Studies for the Ken-Ton School system, a suburban school system north of Buffalo, New York until 2005, and then taught and was the Dean of Students at San Miguel High School in Tucson. At Ken-Ton, he pioneered several online courses for high school students. In the 1980s, he spent three years teaching in Colombia, South America and spent four years at Lewiston-Porter High School. He currently is the PowerSchool Administrator for San Miguel accomplishing his work over the Internet.