Facial skin can lose its tightness and texture due to various reasons. There might be visible signs of ageing such as lines and wrinkles, and sagging and inelastic skin on facial parts due to reasons such as weight fluctuation and heredity.
Cosmetic surgeons can perform facelift surgery in order to tighten the facial skin and patients would have much younger appearance, asymmetry of facial contours and a supple and plump looking skin as the result of this surgical treatment.
There cannot be a single standard procedure for all the patients. During the consulting session surgeons thoroughly study the facial structure and overlying skin patterns of a particular patient and design a surgical procedure for partial or complete facelift undertaking different surgical techniques and procedures in order to lift the facial skin, tighten it and fix it by stitches.
Usually, after deciding the particular area to be treated, surgeons take incisions below ears along the natural lines so that the scars of stitches would be least visible after the surgery. They use special surgical tools for lifting underlying muscular structure and removal of excess fat tissues. Depending on the amount of sagging skin surgeons adapt various procedures for facelift.
If the amount of sagging skin is less and if it is required to lift the muscle structure, they use endoscopic method in which they insert a small camera to view the underlying structure through a small incision and they insert surgical tools from two other small incisions for cutting excess fat tissue and lifting the muscle structure to get the desired contour. Overlying sagging skin is stretched and after trimming out additional skin they will stitch the incisions.
In another procedure known as cutaneous facelift they take a long incision along the natural hair line. They lift the entire facial skin, stretch it and place it higher up so that all the wrinkles and sagging skin would almost disappear. This procedure involves less risk as there will be no alteration to muscle structure and veins and nerves.
SMAS facelift is a procedure used to tighten the muscle structure and removal of excessive skin.
Facelift surgery cost depends on the amount of sagging and inelastic skin, procedure adapted for the surgery and experience of the surgeon.